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Preface

The Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organization was established in January 1958 at an inaugural conference held in Cairo. A constitution was framed at this conference reflecting the prevailing situation. In 1988 when the 7th congress was held in Delhi, the above constitution was once again adopted to govern the organization.

In taking into account the fifty years of its existence and the enormous changes that the world has undergone during this period; the 8th Congress held in Hyderabad, India from 14-16 December 2008, adopted a new constitution. The new constitution has been published in Arabic, English and French (No. 149 AAPSO Publications).

The new constitution stipulates the radical, political, economic and social changes which have undergone through various organizational and structural experiences providing new dimension to the Organization.

We hope that this new constitution will lead the Organization towards broader horizons and more extensive mass base. We also anticipate that with thie re-orientation the role of AAPSO develops with the developments in the local, regional international conditions.

 

CONSTITUTION
OF THE AFRO-ASIAN PEOPLES’
SOLIDARITY ORGANIZATION

 

Preamble:
The Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization (AAPSO) is a mass solidarity movement of the peoples of Africa and Asia in the common struggle for the elimination of injustices to the people, for the consolidation of genuine independence and the defence of sovereignty, against aggressive policies, to ensure economic security, for the right to choose their own way of socioeconomic development, for the promotion of national culture, for a non-violent world and for general disarmament, international security and lasting peace.

As a non-governmental pluralist and democratic organization, AAPSO, based on the principles of Bandung and the Non-Aligned Movement, and in full adherence to the UN charter is an integral part of the peace-loving forces for the democratization of international relations; the establishment of the Democratic Economic and International Information and Communication Order, upholding human rights and for the protection of environment.

In keeping with peaceful economic development, AAPSO gives priority to poverty alleviation in the south countries.

Article I: Name of the Organization:
The name of the Organization is:
THE AFRO-ASIAN PEOPLES' SOLIDARITY ORGANIZATION hereinafter referred to as "the AAPSO".


Article 2: Objectives of the Organization:

1. To unite, consolidate and accelerate actions of solidarity with the struggle against all forms of aggression, racism, and to provide all-out moral, political and material support to the protection of freedom, and national independence.
2. To act in an interdependent world, in support of the principles of the United Nations Charter and of the Non-Aligned Movement and to strengthen cooperation of the AAPSO with the UN and the Non-Aligned Movement and with the other governmental and nongovernmental organizations that act for the same objectives.
3. To mobilize the peoples of Africa, Asia and other developing countries, progressive and democratic forces all over the world, against the policy of destabilization, against military pacts, blocs, bases and facilities.
4. To rally against exploitation, to overcome backwardness, for economic security, for the sovereign right of peoples over their national resources and to bring about socio-economic transformations.
5. To strengthen the struggle for just and lasting peace and security, stopping the arms' race, for nuclear and complete disarmament, and for development.
6. a. To safeguard, respect and uphold human rights, equal rights for women and  special protection of the child, to support the struggle for democracy and for the promotion of the democratic solution to the conflicts of nationalities and minorities.
b. To propagate the Charter of Universal Declaration of Human Rights including implementation of all the statutes, conventions, treaties and covenants passed and accepted by the United Nations Organisation over the years.  
7. To resolve international, regional and national conflicts by peaceful dialogue, based on the principles of the UN Charter in the spirit of solidarity and on the basis of national reconciliation.
8. To support achievement and consolidation of their national unity within the Afro-Asian countries.
9. For socioeconomic and cultural development and for a New International Information and Communication Order as well as to deepen cooperation and mutual assistance among nations and among democratic organizations for the realization of these goals.
10. To support the independent policy of the Afro-Asian States, organizations and forces which seek to extricate from political, economic, social and cultural infiltration.
11. To work, while retaining its own identity, for the activisation of the movement focusing on the masses and mass organizations, for establishing and consolidating the alliance of the progressive, national unity among the Afro-Asian peoples, and the peoples of the world.
12. To work for the protection of environment and for the safeguarding of the ecological resources of our planet.


Article 3: Membership:

1. Membership of the AAPSO consists of Afro-Asian Solidarity Committees, and Peace and Solidarity Committees. In the absence of such national committees, civil society organizations, in Africa and Asia, as the case may be, committed to the principles and objectives of the AAPSO can be considered for membership.
2. Member organizations shall constitute the basic units of the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization.
3. Each country shall be represented in the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization by more than one organization.
4. Upon receiving an application for membership, the Secretariat shall consider the application and finally endorses the new affiliation as a member.
5. Associate membership is open to solidarity organizations, outside Africa and Asia, which work for and are committed to the principles of the AAPSO and which seek to unify the social forces in their countries on the basis of solidarity among nations. The associate members will have all the rights of full members.
6. The status of observer shall be granted to national or international organizations, support-groups, trade-unions; youth, women; writers' and other political, economic, social or public organizations, regardless of their geographical affiliation, whose activities correspond with the principles, objectives and purposes of the AAPSO.
7. The status of guest invited to AAPSO meetings shall be granted to prominent personalities, leading members or representatives of national and international organizations as decided by the Secretariat, in each specific case.
8. Observers and guests have the right to attend AAPSO meetings and participate in discussion, but they do not have the right to vote.


Article 4: Constitutional Organs of AAPSO:

The Organization shall comprise of:
 I- The Congress
 2- The Secretariat


Article 5: The Congress:

1. The Congress of the AAPSO is the supreme authority of the Organization. It is the only body empowered to introduce amendments to the Constitution. It has the full competence to decide on all political, organizational and financial matters of the AAPSO. It shall determine the AAPSO strategic platform and programme of action.
2. The Congress shall be composed of member and associate-member organizations which constitute the basic units of the AAPSO; and shall be attended by observers and guests.
3. All resolutions and recommendations adopted by the Congress shall be binding to constitutional organs of the AAPSO and shall guide the action of the member  and associate-member organizations.
4. The Congress elects:
-The President of AAPSO
-The Secretary-General of AAPSO
- Members of the Secretariat.
Congress shall ratify and/or amend what the Secretariat has previously adopted with regard to the following:
a) the list of member organizations,
b) the list of associate member organizations.  And
c) the list of observer.
5. The quorum for the convocation of the Congress shall be reached by the attendance of the simple majority of member and associate-member organizations.
6. Each delegation of the member-or associate-member organizations to the Congress shall have one vote. Participants in the Congress shall seek consensus on all issues. However all Congress documents shall be adopted by a simple majority of the votes of the member- and associate-member organizations participating in the Congress.
7. The political-organizational report of the Secretariat of the AAPSO as well as its proposals for future programmes of action, shall be considered the working documents of the Congress.
8. Only the Congress shall have the right to elect the President of the AAPSO from the prominent personalities of the Afro-Asian Solidarity Movement, on the nomination of the Afro-Asian Solidarity Committee of the country of the Headquarters of the AAPSO. Only the Congress has right to adopt a resolution on changing the country of the headquarters of the AAPSO on the proposal of the AAPSO Secretariat.
9. The Congress shall elect the Secretary General of the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization on the nomination of the Secretariat, from the prominent personalities of the Afro-Asian Solidarity Movement.
10. The Congress elects a number of Secretaries from member and associate member organizations, taking into account geo-political considerations on two tier system: - a small secretariat working daily and enlarged secretariat to meet once in four months.
11. The Congress shall be convened every three years.
12. An Emergency Congress of AAPSO shall be convened on the request of the simple majority of member-organizations of AAPSO.
When the Congress is in session, the Secretariat shall act as the Steering Committee which shall decide on all its procedures, including the agenda, time-table, commissions, election of officers of the Congress and participation.


Article 6: The Secretariat:

1. The Congress elects the Secretariat, which is composed of the President, the Secretary General, vice-presidents, as well as a number of Secretaries representing member and associate member organizations taking into consideration geo-political factors.
2. a) The Secretariat is the political executive which shall directly implement all the decisions of the AAPSO and its programme of action.
    b) The quorum of the Secretariat is the simple majority and voting is by the simple majority.
3. The Secretariat shall be fully accountable to the Congress.
4. The President of the AAPSO shall be the head of the Permanent Secretariat.
5. The Secretary General shall lead all the activities of the Secretariat and its work, and responsible for the implementation of all its decisions.
6. a) In the absence of the President for any reason, the Secretary General takes over his function.
  b) The Congress authorizes and empowers the Secretariat to meet in an emergency situation and to elect the President and/or the Secretary General in case of resignation, incapacitation or demise of either or both of them.
   c) Until the election takes place, the President or Secretary General takes over the functions of the vacant post.
7. On the decision of the Secretariat any member or associate member organization of the AAPSO may send its representative to the Permanent Secretariat as an observer and shall pay all expenses of his stay in the AAPSO headquarters.
8. The Secretariat prepares the Congress.
9. The Secretariat appoints the Editorial Board of the AAPSO publications.
10. The Secretariat provides the administrative and technical machinery required by the meetings of the AAPSO on all levels, and it keeps records of these meetings.


Article 7: Finances:

1. The Organization shall be financed by the subscriptions of member and associate member organizations and by the contributions offered by the friendly organizations, observers or individuals that support the objectives and purposes of the AAPSO.
2. Each member-organization and associate member organization of the Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organization shall pay a minimum annual subscription of five thousand US dollars, the equivalent or in other forms.
3. The secretariat will submit a financial report to the congress.


Article 8: The AAPSO Specialized Centres:

Depending on the requirements of the movement the Secretariat will undertake to establish research groups as and when necessary.


Article 9:

The official languages of the AAPSO are Arabic, English, and French.

AFRO-ASIAN PEOPLES’ SOLIDARITY ORGANISATION

(AAPSO)

8th Congress

Hyderabad, India, 14-16 December 2008
    Final Communiqué    
The 8th Congress of the Afro-Asian Peoples’ Solidarity Organisation (AAPSO) held in Hyderabad, India, from 14th to 16th December 2008, hosted by the All India Peace and Solidarity organization (AIPSO) was attended by delegates from 25 countries after a gap of 20 years. Having entered the 51st year of its founding in 2008 as one of the oldest and broadest peoples’ organization that has played a historic role in mobilizing peoples of Asia and Africa to tackle the problems that confronts the Third World nations in the second half of the 20th century, the AAPSO Congress affirmed its intention to reinvent itself to meet the new challenges posed by imperialism for the peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America in the 21st century.

The 8th Congress of AAPSO deliberated on various issues including: (a) Financial Crises and its Impact on Developing Countries; (b) Against the Policy of Aggression, for Peace and A Nuclear Weapon Free World; (c) NAM, South-South Cooperation and Solidarity with the People of the South; (d) Climate Change; and (e) Organizational Issues. After due deliberations on the above issues, the 8th Congress of AAPSO has resolved as follows:
Financial Crises and its Impact on Developing Countries:
The Congress notes the unprecedented magnitude of the global financial crisis triggered by the bursting of the real estate bubble in the US economy and the subsequent economic recession. The Conference while welcoming the possible roll back of the Wall Street model of neo-liberal globalization and weakening of the hegemony of international finance capital, also expresses its deep concern over the adverse impact of the global economic crisis on the working people across the world. The Conference however, recognizes that unless there is a strong and united movement of the people in the developing countries together with the progressive forces in the developed world, the burden of this crisis will be imposed disproportionately on the poor, vulnerable and disadvantaged sections of the people.  

These events, which are being compared to the Great Depression of the 1930s is engulfing the financial sector of the US and other advanced economies, highlights the destabilising character of international finance. The Congress notes that a key aspect of imperialist globalisation has been financial liberalization, With the financial crisis and the consequent downturn in the US economy, the sustainability of the global growth process has also become questionable.

The global financial crisis is a result of the financialisation of the global economy and at the expense of real production, is now affecting the real economy.  The crisis is a serious setback to the neo-liberal dogma, which has dominated the world since the 1980s.  The effects of the crisis on the people in different countries should provide the basis for the working class and all sections of the working people to organise and fight back to reverse the neo-liberal policies.  

The world credit crunch following the financial crisis, coupled with a protracted recession in the US and other advanced economies and decline in the US economy will lead to efforts by other advanced and developing countries to find a way out of the crisis can strengthen the trend towards multi-polarity. With faith in the "free market" getting eroded considerably following the financial meltdown, the hegemony of neoliberal policies will be challenged.

The structure of centralising the production and distribution system with global MNCs at the helm helped to fracture and roll back national development projects across the globe. With the debt crisis of the 1980s, export-oriented models of development were imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other financial institutions on most countries in the South.

The Congress notes that this unfolding social crisis resulting from the economic recession has triggered the threat of mass unemployment, inflations and melt down of their currencies in the countries of the South. Countries facing potential collapse will be forced to approach the IMF and which in return will demand the fulfillment of stringent economic conditions. The most likely immediate outcome is a hardened, more authoritarian state that seeks to restore profitability through ratcheting up repression and forcing people to accept the loss of jobs, housing, and any kind of social support. In the South, this will inevitably mean more war and military repression and sinister attempts to bolster sectarian divides.

The Congress believes that If this is not prevented then the system will utilize this crisis to restructure and continue business as usual. This is why resistance-both at home and abroad-will be the single most important determinant of how this crisis, eventually plays out. Here in the South, we will have to resist every attempt of the respective governments to capitulate before designs to offload the effects of the crisis on these countries. On the one hand, we have to force our respective governments to make public investment in social sector and public works to generate domestic demand. On the other, loan packages for poor countries with no strings attached will have to be created and greater degree of autonomy to all nations will have to be provided.

Against the Policy of Aggression, for Peace and A Nuclear Weapon Free World:
The 8th Congress of the AAPSO notes with grave concern the brazen imperialist aggression in Iraq where, during the last five years, over one million Iraqis – primarily unarmed civilians – have been brutally killed by the armed forces of the U.S. and its allies.

The mindless devastation of the social, economic, political and cultural fabric of Iraq, and, as well as, of the widespread destruction of its natural environment, has heaped untold misery on its hapless 28 million people. Today Iraq, which is the seat of the world’s oldest civilization and which developed into a relatively modern secular nation among the countries of West Asia, finds itself divided on ethnic and sectarian lines.

The ongoing occupation of Afghanistan by the US and NATO forces not  only failed to contain the terrorist outfits but actually giving more space for Taliban to stage a comeback in the political and social scene of Afghanistan. In fact, this is spilling over across the Pakistan border causing the turmoil and uncertainty destabilising the entire South Asian region.

The developments in Palestine, Iraq and Afghanistan are symptomatic of the present aggressive phase of U.S.-led imperialism. Until and unless the concerned sections of humanity rise in unison to oppose and stop this outrage, the victims of naked imperialist aggression in Palestine, Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere can never be emancipated.

The US strategy in Africa is also matter of great concern. In Africa in order to expand its aggression to other places, the United States is now pressurising African countries to grant it a place where the US can place its AFRICOM Headquarters.

In Iran also US is building up its pressures. The Congress demands that pressure must cease on Iran and the IAEA be allowed to ascertain that Iran wants to develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes only. US must also desist from forcing Gulf States to seek nuclear shield from the US on the pretext of Iranian nuclear threat. In this respect Congress demands that Israel must be forced to dismantle its nuclear arsenals.

The Congress expresses it concern on the growing build up of nuclear arsenal in Asia-Pacific region. The disastrous fate of the atomic bomb victims of Hiroshima & Nagasaki and the dreadful legacy of the Agent Orange victims in Vietnam are chilling examples for all of us and all these tragic incidents reminds the members of the Afro-Asian Solidarity movements its duty to take bold initiative in mobilising world opinion and to build up strong movement with all fraternal peace movements the world over against imperialist aggression; for a non-violent world order and Nuclear Weapons Free World.

NAM, South-South Cooperation and Solidarity with the People of the South
The Congress is of the view that in the post cold war era the NAM is faced with a
 challenging circumstance and has got considerably weakened. The single superpower the US in its overdrive to secure an aggressive hegemony over the rest of the world is undermining the sovereignty of nations which constitute the NAM. The aggressive of US imperialism is manifested through the attempt to establish a complete domination of international finance capital driven global financial and economic system which is intensifying inequalities between the rich and the poor both within and across the nations. This US dominated paradigm of neo liberal globalisation is also exacerbating unemployment and other untold miseries. But in contrast to the capitulation of the ruling elite in most of the countries of the NAM, peoples’ solidarity movements have forced progressive changes across many countries of Latin America with Venezuela and Bolivia leading the pack. These changes have opened up new vistas for south-south cooperation so significantly manifested in the ALBA process. The Congress recognises the possibility of developing similar positive models of South –South cooperation across other continents.

The Congress is concerned with the growing menace of religious fundamentalism and its expression in the form of grotesque terrorism killing thousands of innocent people. The Congress firmly believes that the growing sense of insecurity and challenges to their livelihood, the poor in the developing countries frustrated by oppressive policies of imperialism can not achieve any thing meaningful by pursuing sectarian violence.
The Congress call upon its member organisation to unite the people against the forces of religious fundamentalism, obscurantism and as well as against terrorism.

The Congress emphasises the need for better cooperation among the south to build-up strong solidarity movements with the people of Palestine for their homeland and to end the Israeli occupation, with the people of Syria to free the Golan Height from the Israeli occupation, with the Saharawi people for their independent home land and the people of Korea for their just struggles for peaceful reunification of Korean peninsula.

The Congress believes that continue economic blocked against Cuba tantamount to aggression. It demands that the US must comply with the UN resolution calling for the dismantling of embargo and economic blockade against Cuba.

The congress calls on the cessation of hostilities in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), and to allow the Congolese to find a lasting solution to their problems based on justice, national reconciliation and peace.

The Congress firmly believes that unity of the people and their solidarity is the only course to forge ahead to ameliorate the conditions of the people particularly the poor in the countries of the South.

Climate Change:
The Congress recognises that the earth is on the brink of a climate change catastrophe, caused by human actions. Humans need to start acting immediately to avert planetary ruin and loss of species, including themselves.  

The Congress takes particular note of the fact that world peace is gravely threatened by climate change induced food riots, water wars, displacements, migrations and depleting natural resources.

The Congress notes the gross inequality that exists in sharing the atmospheric space – with developed countries historically occupying it with their GHG emissions far in excess of their share of world population, depriving the developing countries of their present development needs.  The latter face the most damage from climate change and have the least capability to adapt to it.  

The Congress holds the view that equity – based on per capita emission rights,  is the only practicable principle on which an international accord can be based.  We hold that equitable development is the best adaptation method.  

The Congress observes that more human-centred and community based development is the need of the day and profit–motivated instruments should not be trusted to deliver core solutions on climate Change.

Organisational issues
The Congress having taken cognisance of the changed environment of the contemporary world, the AAPSO will have to take up the challenge of reinventing itself in facing the pressing concerns of our people. The Congress believes that with a new and vibrant dynamism and more pro active style of functioning of the Permanent Secretariat can live up to the expectations of our movement and our people. The Congress therefore mandates the new leadership to act necessary and appropriate measures for addressing these goals.  


Resolutions
Resolution on solidarity with Palestine

60 years of suffering and injustice of the Palestinian people have passed already with numerous resolutions of the United Nations (Security Council and General Assembly) in favour of the right of the Palestinians to their own independent and sovereign State, as agreed in the framework of the UN when the state of Israel was founded in 1948.

Since then the Palestinian people faced the consequences of the old colonial rule, the geostrategical games of the imperialists in the region and the brutal occupation regime of Israel continuing till today, with the expansion of Israeli settlements, the Apartheid Wall in the West Bank and the ongoing siege in the Gaza strip designed to divide geographically and politically the Palestinian territories.

The "international community" manipulated by the big media, serving imperialist goals, is cut off from the reality of daily suffering of the Palestinian families. The US administration supports Israel and covers up all its crimes against the Palestinian people. The European Union does not exercise any pressure on the aggressors.
We reaffirm our support and solidarity with the people of Palestine under the leadership of the PLO and call upon all parts in the internal conflict to show spirit of unity and reconciliation.

The delegates of the 8th AAPSO Congress, in a special session on Palestine support the resistance of the Palestinian people against occupation and declare that the only just and viable solution for the conflict is the establishment of an independent Palestinian State within the boundaries of 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital based on the Resolution of the UN General Assembly 194 and in line with the related UN Security Council resolutions.

We further demand :
∑ To end Israeli aggressions and stop the inhuman siege of the Gaza Strip
∑ The dismantling of the Israeli settlements and walls in the West Bank
∑ The release of all political prisoners from Israeli jails
∑ The right for the return of the Palestinian refugees to their land
∑ The withdraw of all occupation troops including the ones from the Golan Heights of Syria and the Shebaa farms of Lebanon

We call upon the peoples and nations to continue and increase efforts so that 60 years of aspirations and struggle of the Palestinian people will be come true.

Down with the Israeli aggression and occupation!
Down with Imperialism!
Long live the brave Palestinian people and their liberation struggle!


On Situation in the Caucasus

The 8th Congress of Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organisation has expressed its concern on the critical situation in Caucasus where a brief military conflict took place in the month of August. This conflict should be understood in the background of the strategic design of the United States in the Caucasus.

The so-called "colour revolution" which installed Mikheil Saakashvili as the President was instrumental to enclave both South Ossetia and Abkhazia in to Georgia and is totally responsible for the August conflict resulted into death of many thousands people.

The brief military confrontation in the Caucasus is being used to push Georgia’s induction into the NATO overcoming the reservations held earlier by Germany, France, Italy and other European countries. The US has used the conflict in the Caucasus to rally its NATO allies on the pretext of confronting a "revanchist Russia".

While the Congress condemns the Georgian regime for such heinous acts, its call upon all parties to expose the imperialist design in Caucasus and should take proper initiative to resolve the existing crisis through peaceful means.

Resolution thanking India

    The participants at the 8th Congress of Afro-Asian Peoples’ Solidarity Organisation thanks the All India Peace and Solidarity Organisation for successfully holding the 8th Congress in Hyderabad from 14-16 December 2008. With great enthusiasm and commitment, the AIPSO mobilized with devotion in raising funds, providing accommodation and hospitality to the full satisfaction of the foreign delegates. Their efforts have provided a source of inspiration to others to be committed to the cause of peace and solidarity.

    Further the presence of a large number of youths from the Indian movement indicate the genuine desire to revitalize the organisation to the new tasks and requirement of the resurgent environment which need to be followed by others as only viable possibility of strengthening and consolidating the organisation. Once again the participants thanks the AIPSO.

Special Resolution

On behalf of te All India Peace and Solidarity Organization, we would like to move the following resolutio.
As you all know AAPSO completed 50 years of its existence as a prominant South based International Organization. During this period despite enormous contribution, it had its ups and down specially due to the dessolution of the Soviet Union.

Nevertheless, there were few in the movement who kept the flame burning under trying times. In this respect we highly admire the role played by comrade Nourin Abdul Razzak Hussain as the Secretary General of the movement. He had courage to keep the organization moving despite many obstacles.

We admire this quality of comrade Nouri and we request this congress to honour him for this formidable task.

Message of greetings to H.E. Hosny Mubarak
President of EGYPT

His Excellency Hosny Mubarak
President,
Arab Republic of Egypt

The 8th Congress of AAPSO, convened in Hyderabad, India from 14-16th December 2008, expresses its heartful gratitude for the precious support which your government and the people of Egypt have given to AAPSO since its establishment.

The Congress fully supports your wise decision to convene and host the non-aligned conference next year in Egypt. We firmly believed that under your illustratious guidance it will be a great success.
 

New Election of AAPSO Office

Secretariat of the Afro-Asian Peoples Solidarity Organisation

President:                           Ahmed Hamrouch

Secretary General:           Nouri Abdul Razzak Hussain    


Vice President:                           

                                            Vietnam
                                            Russia
                                            Syria
                                            Tanzania

Members of the Secretariat:         
                                             Sri Lanka
                                             Palestinian
                                             Madagascar
                                             Egypt
                                             India
                                             Yemen
                                             Japan   
                                             Namibia
                                             Nepal

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